Transfer-Appropriate Processing

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Definition

When the type of task that occurs during encoding matches the type of task that occurs during retrieval. Transfer-appropriate processing is the phenomenon showing that memory performance is not only determined by the depth of processing but by the relationship between how information is initially encoded and how it is later retrieved.

Significance

This type of processing can result in enhanced memory. It also shows that the memory performance is determined by the relationship between how information is encoded and how it is later retrieved. An example of this is an experiment done by Donald Morris. In this experiment, information was encoded either based on meaning of a word in a sentence, or the rhyming of a word in a sentence. Memory performance is better when a word is encoded based on meaning.